Install GNOME Appearance on Ubuntu 20.04 and Remote Desktop

I. Introduction

Most Ubuntu Servers or VPSs when initialized are installed with Ubuntu Server version by the provider, which means that when you use it, you will not have an interface like Ubuntu Desktop, but will use SSH Client software to connect. And in the process of using you will use the command to control. But you are too familiar with the interface on Ubuntu Desktop, then this article will solve that problem for you.

II. Install GNOME Themes on Ubuntu 20.04

To install GNOME interface on Ubuntu 20.04 we will follow 2 steps.

Step 1: SSH into your server

To install the GNOME interface on Ubuntu 20.04, we first need to SSH or access your VPS or server with  root privileges  first. Or you can use an authorized user as  sudo well. If you do not know how to SSH into your VPS or Server After successfully SSHing, we continue with step 2 to execute the commands to install the GNOME interface.

Step 2: Execute the commands to install the GNOME interface

Installing the Gnome interface is very simple, you just need to do the following commands in order:
sudo apt update
sudo apt install gnome-tweaks
sudo apt install gnome-shell-extensions
Explanation of the above commands:
  • Command 1: Update Ubuntu.
  • Command 2: Install the GNOME interface package.
  • Command 3: Install a set of extensions to add additional functionality to the Gnome shell.
Here are some pictures when running the above commands:
Command 2: Install the GNOME interface package.
Command 3: Install a set of extensions to add additional functionality to the Gnome shell.
Now if your VPS or Server has a console interface, you will see the interface. But that is still quite inconvenient, so please read on to see how you can Remote Desktop into your Ubuntu server.

III. Install Xrdp to support Remote Desktop

Xrdp is available in Ubuntu’s repositories, so you can use the apt command to install it:
sudo apt install xrdp 
After the installation is complete you can verify that Xrdp is working again with the following command:
sudo systemctl status xrdp
If the result is as shown below then your xrdp is working fine.
By default, Xrdp uses a  /etc/ssl/private/ssl-cert-snakeoil.key, file that only members of the “ssl-cert” group can read. Run the following command to add  xrdpthe user to the group of users that can view this file:
sudo adduser xrdp ssl-cert  
Finally you will need to open port 3389 with the following command
sudo ufw allow 3389
Now you can use the Remote Desktop software available on Windows computers to access your Ubuntu server interface. Remote Desktop information will include:
  • Host: Ubuntu server IP.
  • User: root
  • Pass: Root password.
Here is a picture when I connect to Remote Desktop:

III. summary

Hopefully through this article you will successfully install the GNOME interface on Ubuntu 20.04 and can Remote Desktop like any other Windows server.
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